Fast Facts: Alberta is located in western Canada and is one of two completely landlocked provinces. The capital city is Edmonton and the largest city is Calgary.
Alberta Careers: As of 2006, the Canadian Census on Population estimated Alberta’s population at just over 3.2 million. Calgary was recently ranked 26th in a “Quality of Life Global City Ranking” by Mercer.
Alberta Economy: While driven by its flourishing oil and natural gas industries, Alberta is also Canada’s leading wheat producer and boasts a successful food-processing sector. Edmonton is home to the only major Canadian banks located west of Toronto: ATB Financial and Canadian Western Bank.
Location, Location, Location: Alberta is located in western Canada, bordering the U.S. state of Montana to the South. It is one of only two Canadian provinces that are completely landlocked.
Cities: The capital of Alberta is Edmonton and the largest city is Calgary.
Behind the Name: Alberta was named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the daughter of Queen Victoria of England and wife of the Marquess of Lorne, the former Governor-General of Canada.
A Closer Look: In 1905, after a long campaign for autonomy, the region of Alberta officially earned the status of a Canadian province.
Did You Know? Each year Calgary corrals millions of tourists for the world famous Stampede to commemorate Canada’s celebrated cattle-ranching history.
Population: 3,256,355, as estimated by Canada Census of Population, 2006.
Business Environment: Canada was ranked 2nd of 181 countries in a 2009 “Best Country to Start a Business” by DoingBusiness.org.
Top Industries: In terms of paid employees, according to a Statistics Canada 2009 study: (1) trade; (2) construction; (3) health care and social assistance; (4) professional, scientific and technical services; and (5) forestry, fishing, mining, oil and gas.
Taxes: The Canada Revenue Agency reports: No Provincial Sales Tax; a 5% Federal Sales Tax; and a Progressive Income Tax Rate.
Cost of Living: The Consumer Price Index had increased to 122.0 in June of 2009 (from 100.0 in the Year 2002), according to Statistics Canada, 2009.
Quality of Life: Calgary was ranked 26th in a 2009 Quality of Life Global City Ranking by Mercer.
Weather: Average Temperature (in °F.) – Jan: 20; Apr: 43; July: 69; Oct: 48, according to Weather.com.
K-12: Canada ranked 2nd of 17 peer countries in a 2008 Conference Board of Canada Ranking.
College Education: US News and World Report Canadian college rankings: University of Alberta (#4), University of Calgary (#11) and York University (#15).
In General: Alberta’s economy, driven by a flourishing petroleum industry, is considered one of the strongest in Canada. Agriculture and technology also offer valuable contributions to Alberta’s economy, which boasted a 2006 Gross Domestic Product figure higher than any U.S. state.
Service Industry: While a majority of Alberta’s income is founded in oil and natural gas, a vast majority of the province’s workforce is employed in service related occupations.
Agriculture: Alberta’s agriculture is based primarily on its herds of cattle, horses and sheep, with a significant portion of Canada’s beef originating within the province. The province’s main crop products are wheat and canola, typically serving as the leading spring wheat producer.
Manufacturing: The Edmonton area is Alberta’s major manufacturing center, serving as an international center for the manufacture of oil and natural gas related equipment and home to a prominent petrochemical industry. The food processing industry is also a key component of Alberta’s economy.
Mining: As noted, Alberta’s economy is heavily dependent upon petroleum and natural gas. The Athabasca River region contains one of the world’s largest proven oil reserves and supplies oil both domestically and internationally. Prior to the discovery of such significant oil and gas reserves, Alberta served as a leading coal producer throughout Canada and the United States.
A Closer Look: Edmonton is home to the headquarters of the only major Canadian banks west of Toronto, ATB Financial and Canadian Western Bank.
Did You Know? Alberta is the leading beekeeping province of Canada, housing specially designed indoor barns throughout its southern region.
Sources: In addition to specific citations noted in this “Career Information” section, supplementary source materials include: Canada Statoids; Infoplease.com; and Wikipedia.com.
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